The hibiscus, from the Malvaceae family, It is a plant from Asia and with more than 220 different varieties. Is distinguished by the beauty of its flowerswhich, depending on the variety, can be single or double. They are shaped like a trumpet, five red petals most of the time, although they can also be white, pink, purple or yellow. Some, of hybrid species, reach 20 cm in diameter. The two most common are the Rose of China, or hibiscuscommon, whose leaves and flowers are edible, and lto Rosa from Syria or Hibiscus syriacus.The latter is somewhat smaller and resists cold better, although its properties are similar.
When does this plant bloom?
Flowering in continental climates occurs in summer and in tropical and subtropical climates throughout the year.
It is advisable to prune it to give more flowers?
Yes, it is advisable to do a good pruning at the beginning of spring, so that the plant gives more flowers, although in the adult specimens it is best to trim only the damaged stems and those that stand out to give it good shape.
What type of soil do you need?
Hibiscus requires a fairly moist, well drained soil, if possible that it is fertile and rich in organic matter.
Is it convenient to change the potted hibiscus?
The best time to do it is in spring. But it is not convenient to transfer the plant to a much larger pot, since if the hibiscus is too loose it will only give leaves.
At what time should the transplant be performed?
When you see that the roots begin to be tight or that they come out of the drain hole, it is time to switch to another larger pot.
Where is it better to place it?
In summer we will take it outside first thing putting it in the shade in the hottest hours and always protected from the wind. In winter, the ideal is to have it in a cool environment, away from heating.
You need to be in a very bright place, you can directly give the sunlight, yes, always avoiding the central hours in summer. . Advisable temperature: The ideal temperature for hibiscus is between 13 and 21º C.
It does not withstand the cold or survive frost.
In spring and summer every three or four days, ensuring that the soil is always wet but being very careful not to flood the plant. It is also convenient to spray the leaves with some regularity.
During flowering, fertilize with liquid fertilizer for flowering plants once a month.
PROPERTY OF THE HIBISCUS
According to popular wisdom, the common hibiscus is very moisturizing since it is very rich in mucilage.
The infusion of the plant It is also good for the digestive system. To do it, you have to put a teaspoon of dried flowers in boiling water.
Also hibiscus steam fumes They are recommended for the respiratory system.
With the branches and the tender stems Fibers are produced that are then used to make paper.
Of the juice of its petals a black dye used in shoe store is removed.
The leaves and buds have pustules. This is because the plant has rust. Spray with copper.
- White and brown spots appear on the leaves. This indicates that there are fungi. Carefully remove and burn all affected leaves. Apply a fungicide.
- Roots have rot. Too much watering. Let the soil dry and further spread the risks.
- The leaves have black spots and gray mold. The plant has botritis. Wash the foliage very carefully and then apply a fungicide on the leaves.
- The leaves acquire a yellow hue. This happens when there is an excess of irrigation or the plant lacks iron. Apply a specific subscription.