No one would say that Leucanthemum vulgareor Chysanthemum Leucanthenum It is the Latin name of a flower as popular as the simple daisy. Although it must be said that one cannot speak of a single species, since there are a lot of varieties with different sizes, types of flowers and wide range of color, although the most common is white. Daisies are found practically all over the world, so it is difficult to say exactly their origin. In Spain, the most common is that belonging to the variety Chysanthemum frutescens, which comes from the Canary Islands and has flowers of 3 to 5 cm in diameter. In all cases it is a shrubby plant and woody stems, which can reach different heights and have more or less large flowers, depending on the variety in question. It is a very decorative plant that, as a cut flower, we can also keep it for quite some time.
What to do for the plant to give more flowers?
The flowering season is from spring to autumn and will bloom more if you remove the flowers as soon as they begin to wilt and prune in spring. In addition to getting more flowers, the plant will grow busier.
What to consider when buying a daisy plant?
Very important is to check that the leaves of the stems are very green and firm and that there is no damaged or yellow (symptom of possible pests). It is also important that you have many buds and flowers open, because there are times that if they are very closed, with the inner dryness they do not open.
Can a daisy that has been purchased indoors be planted outdoors?
The daisy is a plant both indoor and outdoor, so there is no problem to transplant it to a terrace planter or garden. You just have to keep in mind that you have to plant it deep enough, leave a minimum of 20 cm between plants and check that there is good drainage.
Does the plant spoil if the flowers are cut to make a center?
The plant does not spoil, but if you cut many flowers, it can be ugly, as it will be little dense. Anyway, you can make beautiful centers directly using the pot.
TRICKS FOR BRANCHES OF CUT FLOWERS LAST LONGER
This flower lasts very well for at least ten days in a vase, if you follow these simple tips:
. Cut the stem diagonally and tear off all the green leaves that will be submerged in the water.
. If you put them on in green foam, for sale in gardening, and it is very wet inside a plastic, they will last you a long time and, in addition, you can better control the shape you want to give your center.
. Don't put the center in a place where the sun sets directly, because the leaves and flowers would burn.
Light: The ideal place for the plant is in full sun, although it will also grow perfectly in semi-shade.
Temperature: The best temperature for a good development is between 15º C and 25º C, although it adapts well to both cold and heat, even frost.
Irrigation: It must be done regularly in summer every 2 or 3 days and in winter every 15 days, avoiding waterlogging.
Fertilizer: To obtain a good flowering with more intense colors and good growth, fertilize with a specific balanced fertilizer, during the entire flowering.
Advice: If you see that the stems grow a lot and with the weight they are not kept straight, bury a wand next to the stem and attach it to it with a cord or fine wire, so it will grow straight.
MOST COMMON PROBLEMS:
It is a very resistant type of flower, so it is difficult to suffer any plague. It is more sensitive to aphids, but it is enough to use a specific insecticide, in florists and nurseries, to solve the problem. If it is outdoors, it can be attacked by snails.
. The leaves are withered. This is due to lack of water. Water abundantly, but without flooding the place where the pot is.
. The flowers last very little. This usually happens when it is too hot, so move the plant to a less sunny or cooler place.
. The buds do not open. The problem is usually that it lacks natural light, or that when the plant was bought, the buds were too green and did not have enough nutrients to open completely.